What is Theology

What is Theology

What is Theology? What the meaning of this? John Maqurrae defined, “Theology is a study which through participation and reflection upon religious faith, seeks to express the content of the faith in coherent manner available language.”

It will always speak from a specified faith this means theology takes participation in community and it does not speak from outside the faith. In theology FAITH has been subjected of thought. Second part of definition declares that main intention of theology to express the contents of its particular faith in clear and most prominent language.

Formative factors of Theology

a) Experience

Usually theologians called it “Experimental theologies”. Theology has a relation with faith.

So, experiences of our life may increased/decreased our faith; in a other manner we can say our experiences of life motivate us; through experience a person make sensible being.

b) Revelation (What is Theology)


Revelation it just like a gift as character. Whatever is says about revelation it is the dimension of the holiness. In Christian religion a person who claimed that “Jesus is the bearer of revelation” revelation is a mode of religious experiences; or experiences of the holy may be judging assisting revelatory element.

Actually, theology expresses the faith of community. Revelation does come through Bible; but it comes through Jesus Christ.

c) Scripture


Scripture is not it’s self revelation; but it is one important way through the community of faith; keeps open its access to that primary revelation on which the community has been founded. When we talk about inspiration of scripture these inspiration does not come through verbal wording.

But they set of the whole life of faith in the community. Scripture bring us to near revelation and also provide us such kind of objectives over various individual experiences. As the above conclusion bible is not itself revelation.

d) Tradition

In general terms tradition mean customs, rituals practices, etc. Which followed by peoples in many year ago and present generation is also following them.

But tradition has its place in helping to determine the doctrines and practice of the Christian community Tradition has no revival to scripture but it played a role in community.

e) Culture (What is Theology)

This factor is also refers in definition theology all belonged to the life of faith. Actually, no one can escape sharing in the mental or intellectual climate of his own culture. Even theologian also try excluding them from secular influences; but it could not be possible.

Due to culture it is necessary to re interpretation of theology. Anything which is made by human is called culture, whatever is happening now is also include in culture.

f) Reason

Every denominations has their own perspectives in respect of “Reason” as an theology. In some cases has actually denounced reason as the enemy of the revelation. Any reason contracts its own theories on the basis of experience.
Mainly, reason has dived into two parts.

Speculative Reason:

In this particular section we have to pay our attention in reality of factors. For speculative reason we have to see that suspect must be for the discussion.

Critical Reason:

This section is dived into two parts 1. Elucidatory 2. Corrective


Mainly function of this area is that to analyzed the reasons; expounded it and generally brings into the light the content of revelation.

Corrective Reason:

Corrective Reason is directed upon the revelation or specified revelation it’s self questioning its credence of submission it to scrutiny and criticism reaming contents

Conclusion (What is Theology)

As per the above summary we can understand the theology. Basically, it contents three major aspects participation, reflection and religious faith; all these three points defined the meaning of theology. It has also their own formative factors.

Through Experiences we can understand the situation. It is very important part. Without experience we cannot motivate form our life. Some part of revelation also include in it. Scripture is not an it’s self revelation. But through it our faith become more strong. This is human made product. It cannot explain full nature of God. Therefore, every person has their own theology. Every person has their own particular way of thinking. So, finally we can say that theology is dynamic it regularly changes according to time, culture, etc.

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